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dc.contributor.author Wilson, Sarah Jane
dc.contributor.author Schelhas, John
dc.contributor.author Grau, Hector Ricardo
dc.contributor.author Nanni, Ana Sofía
dc.contributor.author Sloan, Sean
dc.date.available 2019-01-04T19:55:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12
dc.identifier.citation Wilson, Sarah Jane; Schelhas, John; Grau, Hector Ricardo; Nanni, Ana Sofía; Sloan, Sean; Forest ecosystem-service transitions: the ecological dimensions of the forest transition; Resilience Alliance; Ecology and Society; 22; 4; 12-2017; 38
dc.identifier.issn 1708-3087
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11336/67453
dc.description.abstract New forests are expanding around the world. In many regions, regrowth rates are surpassing deforestation rates, resulting in “forest transitions,” or net gains in forest cover. Typically measured only in terms of aggregate“’forest cover” change, these new forests are ecologically distinct from each other and from those originally cleared. We ask, what are the ecological attributes, goods, and services we might expect from different pathways of forest recovery? To address this question, we proposed a typology of forest transitions that reflects both their social drivers and ecological outcomes: tree plantation, spontaneous regeneration, and agroforestry transitions. Using case studies, we illustrate how the ecological outcomes of each transition type differ and change over time. We mapped the global distribution of forest-transition types to identify global epicenters of each, and found that spontaneous transitions are most common globally, especially in Latin America; agroforestry transitions predominate in Europe and Central America; and plantation transitions occur in parts of Europe and Asia. We proposed a conceptual framework to understand and compare the ecological services arising from different types of forest transitions over time: forest ecosystem-service transition curves. This framework illustrates that carbon sequestration tends to be comparatively lower in agroforestry transitions, and biodiversity recovery is lower in industrial plantations. Spontaneously regenerating forests tend to have relatively high biodiversity and biomass but provide fewer provisioning and economically valuable services. This framework captures the dynamism that we observe in forest transitions, thus illustrating that different social drivers produce different types of ecosystem-service transitions, and that as secondary forests grow, these services will change over time at rates that differ among transition types. Ultimately, this framework can guide future research, describe actual and potential changes in ecosystem services associated with different types of transitions, and promote management plans that incorporate forest cover changes with the services and benefits they provide.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Resilience Alliance
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/ar/
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject CARBON
dc.subject ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
dc.subject FOREST CONSERVATION
dc.subject FOREST COVER CHANGE
dc.subject FOREST TRANSITION
dc.subject LAND USE CHANGE
dc.subject PLANTATIONS
dc.subject SECONDARY FOREST
dc.subject.classification Otras Ciencias Biológicas
dc.subject.classification Ciencias Biológicas
dc.subject.classification CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
dc.title Forest ecosystem-service transitions: the ecological dimensions of the forest transition
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated 2018-10-23T20:39:17Z
dc.journal.volume 22
dc.journal.number 4
dc.journal.pagination 38
dc.journal.pais Canadá
dc.journal.ciudad Nova Scotia
dc.description.fil Fil: Wilson, Sarah Jane. University of Michigan; Estados Unidos. Partners Reforestation Network; Estados Unidos
dc.description.fil Fil: Schelhas, John. United States Forest Service, Southern Research Station; Estados Unidos
dc.description.fil Fil: Grau, Hector Ricardo. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Instituto de Ecología Regional. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Instituto de Ecología Regional; Argentina
dc.description.fil Fil: Nanni, Ana Sofía. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Instituto de Ecología Regional. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Instituto de Ecología Regional; Argentina
dc.description.fil Fil: Sloan, Sean. James Cook University; Australia
dc.journal.title Ecology and Society
dc.relation.alternativeid info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol22/iss4/art38/
dc.relation.alternativeid info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-09615-220438
dc.conicet.fuente individual


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info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess Excepto donde se diga explícitamente, este item se publica bajo la siguiente descripción: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Unported (CC BY-NC 2.5)