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dc.contributor.author
Poletta, Fernando Adrián
dc.contributor.author
Rittler, Monica
dc.contributor.author
Saleme, Cesar
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Campaña, Hebe
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Gili, Juan Antonio
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Pawluk, Mariela Soledad
dc.contributor.author
Gimenez, Lucas Gabriel
dc.contributor.author
Cosentino, Viviana Raquel
dc.contributor.author
Castilla, Eduardo Enrique
dc.contributor.author
López Camelo, Jorge Santiago
dc.date.available
2019-10-18T21:22:19Z
dc.date.issued
2018-03
dc.identifier.citation
Poletta, Fernando Adrián; Rittler, Monica; Saleme, Cesar; Campaña, Hebe; Gili, Juan Antonio; et al.; Neural tube defects: Sex ratio changes after fortification with folic acid; Public Library of Science; Plos One; 13; 3; 3-2018; 1-12; e0193127
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/11336/86507
dc.description.abstract
Background: Historically, neural tube defects (NTDs) have predominated in female infants but the reasons remain unclear. In South America, the pre-folic acid fortification (FAF) rates of NTDs were around 18/10,000 births for females and 12/10,000 births for males, with an estimated sex ratio (male/female) of 0.67. During the post-FAF period, unpublished routine reports have indicated changes in the sex ratio for these defects while some descriptive reports are controversial. To date and to our knowledge, however, no studies specifically focusing on these changes to test this hypothesis directly have been undertaken. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the sex ratio of infants with NTDs after FAF in South American countries. Materials and methods: With a descriptive cross-sectional study design, 2,597 infants with isolated NTDs born between 1990 and 2013 in 3 countries participating in the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) network were included: (Chile N = 521 and Argentina N = 1,619 [with FAF policies]; Venezuela N = 457 [without FAF policies; used as control]; total births = 2,229,561). The differences-in-differences method and Poisson regressions were used to evaluate the sex ratio shift from female to male before vs. after FAF, and to assess whether these differences were related to the fortification. Results and conclusions: In Chile and Argentina the prevalence of NTDs, particularly anencephaly and cervico-tho-racic spina bifida, showed a greater reduction rate in females than in males after FAF, resulting in a change of the sex ratio of infants with NTDs. Some mechanisms possibly involved in this differential reduction are proposed which might be useful to identify the pathogenesis of NTDs as a whole and specifically of those susceptible to the protective effect of folic acid.
dc.format
application/pdf
dc.language.iso
eng
dc.publisher
Public Library of Science
dc.rights
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
dc.subject
Neural tube defects
dc.subject
Sex ratio
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Folic acid
dc.subject.classification
Epidemiología
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Ciencias de la Salud
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CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
dc.title
Neural tube defects: Sex ratio changes after fortification with folic acid
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type
info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated
2019-10-09T20:44:18Z
dc.identifier.eissn
1932-6203
dc.journal.volume
13
dc.journal.number
3
dc.journal.pagination
1-12; e0193127
dc.journal.pais
Estados Unidos
dc.journal.ciudad
San Francisco
dc.description.fil
Fil: Poletta, Fernando Adrián. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Hospital Materno Infantil “Ramón Sardá”; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Rittler, Monica. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Hospital Materno Infantil “Ramón Sardá”; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Saleme, Cesar. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Hospital Materno Infantil “Ramón Sardá”; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Campaña, Hebe. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Gili, Juan Antonio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Pawluk, Mariela Soledad. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Gimenez, Lucas Gabriel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Cosentino, Viviana Raquel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Castilla, Eduardo Enrique. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Hospital Materno Infantil “Ramón Sardá”; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: López Camelo, Jorge Santiago. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Hospital Materno Infantil “Ramón Sardá”; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET; Argentina
dc.journal.title
Plos One
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193127
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0193127