Mostrar el registro sencillo del ítem

dc.contributor.author
Michelini, Yanina Noelia
dc.contributor.author
Acuña, Hugo Ignacio
dc.contributor.author
Godoy, Juan Carlos
dc.date.available
2019-02-21T19:54:21Z
dc.date.issued
2015-12
dc.identifier.citation
Michelini, Yanina Noelia; Acuña, Hugo Ignacio; Godoy, Juan Carlos; Características de la experiencia emocional inducida mediante fragmentos de películas en una muestra de jóvenes argentinos; Centro Interamericano de Investigaciones Psicológicas y Ciencias Afines; Interdisciplinaria; 32; 2; 12-2015; 367-382
dc.identifier.issn
0325-8203
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/11336/70648
dc.description.abstract
Debido al interés actual en la relación entre emoción y cognición, ha surgido la necesidad de contar con técnicas confiables de inducción emocional. Uno de los procedimientos más utilizados para el estudio experimental de la experiencia emocional es la inducción de emociones mediante fragmentos de películas. El objetivo del estudio que se informa fue conocer las características subjetivas y objetivas de la respuesta emocional ante estímulos audiovisuales inductores de emociones positivas y negativas, en una muestra de jóvenes argentinos. Se seleccionaron 20 fragmentos de películas (10 de valencia positiva y 10 de valencia negativa). La muestra estuvo integrada por 81 participantes (44 mujeres) de 18 a 25 años (M = 21.20 ±2.57). La respuesta emocional subjetiva se evaluó con el Self-Assessment Manikin (Bradley & Lang, 1994) y la objetiva, registrando la frecuencia cardíaca. La valencia, la activación y el control correlacionaron en la mayoría de los fragmentos. Además, hombres y mujeres presentan una reactividad diferenciada a la valencia de los estímulos, dado que las mujeres fueron más sensibles a los estímulos negativos (mutilaciones y animales amenazantes) y los hombres, a los estímulos positivos (contenido erótico y cómico). Por último, la inducción emocional se mantuvo aproximadamente 30 minutos después de finalizada la presentación de los estímulos para los videos de valencia negativa y 15 minutos para los de valencia positiva. Se concluye que la investigación realizada constituye un aporte al estudio de las medidas subjetivas de la emoción y las características de la experiencia emocional en función del tiempo y del sexo de quienes la experimentan.
dc.description.abstract
Developments since the mid-twentieth century in the research of emotion and the growing interest in its interaction with cognition have generated the need for reliable emotional induction techniques.The efforts made in recent years to carry out the standardization of film clips capable of inducing emotion stand are remarkable. With this, these methodological resources are widely chosen by researchers to study emotional processes. The aims of the research were: (1) to assess valence, arousal, dominance (subjective measures) and cardiac frequency (objective measure) in relation with positive and negative emotions induced by film clips, (2) to determine how long the emotional induction remained active after the presentation of audio visual stimuli, and (3) to evaluate whether there are sex differences in emotional experience, subjectively and objectively, induced by film clips. 81 college students (44 women) from 18 to 25-years-old of Córdoba (Argentina) were evaluated. The average age was 21.20 (SD: ± 2.57). The sample was finally composed by 81 participants for not meeting certain requirements to conform. The evaluation was performed individually in a room equipped for that purpose. Each participant watched 10 film clips of positive or negative valence. Participants evaluated valence, arousal and dominance at 15, 30, 45 y 60 minutes post-induction. Each experiment lasted approximately 90 minutes. The instruments administrated were note of informed consent, 20 Battery of film fragments with ability to induce emotions, Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM), sociodemographic data form, questionnaire of pattern of alcohol and other substances consumption, stress test equipment 12-lead CardioVex. Significant correlations between valence, arousal and dominance in most film clips were obtained. Then, repeated measures ANOVA between the scores were made in the SAM Activation after the emotional induction, significant interaction were found between Time and Type of Induction [F(4,316) = 2.5461, p < .05 ηp2 = .031]. According to Fisher post hoc test, there were significant differences between means of the arousal to the last film clip of the series and 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes post-induction (p < .001) in the negative condition, and between the last film and 15, 30, 45 y 60 minutes post-induction (p < .01). Significant difference also was found between 30 minutes arousal to Positive Induction and Negative Induction (p < .01). Finally, in terms of sex differences in emotional experience, women reported more negative valence than men in the film clips of negative valence: The Exorcist [F(40) = 8.576; p < .05] Saving Private Ryan [F(40) = 10.833, p < .01], Misery [F (40) = 4.500; p < .05] and Dead Man Walking [F(40) = 7.121; p < .05]. In addition, women reported greater arousal in the positive film clip There's Something About Mary 2 [F(37) = 6.014; p < .05]. Finally men reported greater dominance in face to negative film clips The Exorcist [F(40) = 8.051; p < .01], Schindler's List 2 [F(40) = 4.963; p < .05], Leaving Las Vegas [F (40) = 5.829; p < .05] and the positive film clip Something About Mary 2 [F(37) = 5.166; p < .05] while women reported greater dominance to the film clip When Harry Met Sally [F(37) = 5.106; p < .05]. Study of discreet emotions and heart rate variability was suggested for more correlations between subjective and objective measures of emotion. Naturally, negative stimuli are more thrilling because they present major intensity and discreteness than positive stimuli. Response to negative stimuli also have a more significant biological importance. Men use more effective emotion regulation strategies than women, whereas, women use negative and non-adaptive emotion regulation strategies. As a conclusion, this study make a contribution to the study of subjective and objective measures of emotion and the features of the emotional experience according to time of the induction and sex of those who experience.
dc.format
application/pdf
dc.language.iso
spa
dc.publisher
Centro Interamericano de Investigaciones Psicológicas y Ciencias Afines
dc.rights
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.uri
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
dc.subject
Emoción
dc.subject
Inducción Emocional
dc.subject
Batería de Peliculas
dc.subject
Fragmentos de Películas
dc.subject
Jóvenes
dc.subject.classification
Psicología
dc.subject.classification
Psicología
dc.subject.classification
CIENCIAS SOCIALES
dc.title
Características de la experiencia emocional inducida mediante fragmentos de películas en una muestra de jóvenes argentinos
dc.title
Characteristics of the emotional experience induced by film clips in a sample of argentinian youngs
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type
info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated
2019-02-21T14:53:49Z
dc.journal.volume
32
dc.journal.number
2
dc.journal.pagination
367-382
dc.journal.pais
Argentina
dc.journal.ciudad
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
dc.description.fil
Fil: Michelini, Yanina Noelia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones y Estudio sobre Cultura y Sociedad. Centro de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología - Grupo Vinculado CIPSI; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Acuña, Hugo Ignacio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones y Estudio sobre Cultura y Sociedad. Centro de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología - Grupo Vinculado CIPSI; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Godoy, Juan Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones y Estudio sobre Cultura y Sociedad. Centro de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología - Grupo Vinculado CIPSI; Argentina
dc.journal.title
Interdisciplinaria
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/http://www.ciipme-conicet.gov.ar/ojs/index.php/interdisciplinaria/article/view/60
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/http://ref.scielo.org/gkzq39
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/https://www.redalyc.org/jatsRepo/180/18043528010/