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dc.contributor.author
Cherbiy Hoffmann, Silvana Ursula
dc.contributor.author
Searles, Peter Stoughton
dc.contributor.author
Hall, Antonio Juan
dc.contributor.author
Rousseaux, Maria Cecilia
dc.date.available
2018-03-05T18:49:22Z
dc.date.issued
2015-03
dc.identifier.citation
Cherbiy Hoffmann, Silvana Ursula; Searles, Peter Stoughton; Hall, Antonio Juan; Rousseaux, Maria Cecilia; Responses of olive tree yield determinants and components to shading during potentially critical phenological phases; Elsevier Science; Scientia Horticulturae; 184; 3-2015; 70-77
dc.identifier.issn
0304-4238
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/11336/37825
dc.description.abstract
Shading for short periods during potentially critical phenological phases can improve our understanding of the processes underlying the reductions in crop performance when solar radiation is limiting in high density orchards. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of three separate 30 day-long shade periods imposed during fruit set (FS), endocarp sclerification (ES), and early oil accumulation (OA) on some oil yield determinants and components in olive. Four shading levels (3, 20, 40, and 70% of incident photosynthetically active radiation; PAR) were applied in each period using shade cloths that surrounded one-half of large individual trees. Individual fruit dry weight, oil concentration (%) on a dry weight basis, and non-fruiting branch growth were determined at the end of each shading period, 45 days after their completion, and at the end of the season. The previously shaded- and the unshaded-halves of each tree were also harvested at the end of the season to obtain fruit number and oil yield for each half-tree. Individual fruit dry weight and oil concentration at the end of all three shading periods were decreased by shading due to reduced absolute rates of fruit growth and oil accumulation, respectively. However, at final harvest, there were no statistically significant treatment differences in individual fruit weight. By contrast, a small reduction in oil concentration persisted in the fruit from trees subjected to heavy shading during the OA period. Oil yield per half-tree at end of the season was decreased by shading applied during FS and OA periods, principally due to decreases in fruit number and oil concentration, respectively. Final oil yield was not affected by shading during the ES period. Elongation of non-fruiting branches was only decreased by shading during the early spring FS period, when vegetative growth was somewhat more sensitive to shading than fruit growth. Lastly, no consistent response of return bloom to the shading periods was detected the following spring. Our results suggest that the FS period when fruit number is defined and the OA period are more critical for determining final oil yield than the ES period. This information could provide guidance for the design of more effective management strategies in high density orchards where shading can play a key role.
dc.format
application/pdf
dc.language.iso
eng
dc.publisher
Elsevier Science
dc.rights
info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
dc.subject
Fruit Number
dc.subject
Fruit Weight
dc.subject
Oil Concentration
dc.subject
Olea Europaea L.
dc.subject
Photosynthetically Active Radiation
dc.subject.classification
Agricultura
dc.subject.classification
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
dc.subject.classification
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
dc.title
Responses of olive tree yield determinants and components to shading during potentially critical phenological phases
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type
info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated
2018-03-02T14:24:58Z
dc.journal.volume
184
dc.journal.pagination
70-77
dc.journal.pais
Países Bajos
dc.journal.ciudad
Amsterdam
dc.description.fil
Fil: Cherbiy Hoffmann, Silvana Ursula. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Universidad Nacional de La Rioja. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Universidad Nacional de Catamarca. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de la Rioja. - Secretaria de Industria y Minería. Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Provincia de La Rioja. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Searles, Peter Stoughton. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Universidad Nacional de La Rioja. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Universidad Nacional de Catamarca. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de la Rioja. - Secretaria de Industria y Minería. Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Provincia de La Rioja. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Hall, Antonio Juan. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina
dc.description.fil
Fil: Rousseaux, Maria Cecilia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Universidad Nacional de La Rioja. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Universidad Nacional de Catamarca. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de la Rioja. - Secretaria de Industria y Minería. Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja. - Provincia de La Rioja. Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica de La Rioja; Argentina
dc.journal.title
Scientia Horticulturae
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.12.029


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