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dc.contributor.author Graham, J. Edgar
dc.contributor.author Stuart Smith, Rick D.
dc.contributor.author Willis, Trevor J.
dc.contributor.author Kininmonth, Stuart
dc.contributor.author Baker, Susan C.
dc.contributor.author Banks, Stuart
dc.contributor.author Barrett, Neville S.
dc.contributor.author Becerro, Mikel A.
dc.contributor.author Bernard, Anthony T. F.
dc.contributor.author Berkhout, Just
dc.contributor.author Buxton, Colin D.
dc.contributor.author Campbell, Stuart J.
dc.contributor.author Cooper, Antonia T.
dc.contributor.author Davey, Marlene
dc.contributor.author Edgar, Sophie C.
dc.contributor.author Försterra, Günter
dc.contributor.author Galvan, David Edgardo
dc.contributor.author Irigoyen, Alejo Joaquin
dc.contributor.author Kushner, David J.
dc.contributor.author Moura, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.author Parnell, P. Ed
dc.contributor.author Shears, Nick T.
dc.contributor.author Soler, German
dc.contributor.author Strain, Elisabeth M. A.
dc.contributor.author Thomson, Russell J.
dc.date.available 2017-12-14T19:00:50Z
dc.date.issued 2014-02-05
dc.identifier.citation Graham, J. Edgar; Stuart Smith, Rick D.; Willis, Trevor J.; Kininmonth, Stuart; Baker, Susan C.; et al.; Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features; Nature Publishing Group; Nature; 506; 5-2-2014; 216-220
dc.identifier.issn 0028-0836
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11336/30692
dc.description.abstract In line with global targets agreed under the Convention on Biological Diversity, the number of marine protected areas (MPAs) is increasing rapidly, yet socio-economic benefits generated by MPAs remain difficult to predict and under debate. MPAs often fail to reach their full potential as a consequence of factors such as illegal harvesting, regulations that legally allow detrimental harvesting, or emigration of animals outside boundaries because of continuous habitat or inadequate size of reserve. Here we show that the conservation benefits of 87 MPAs investigated worldwide increase exponentially with the accumulation of five key features: no take, well enforced, old (>10 years), large (>100km2), and isolated by deep water or sand. Using effective MPAs with four or five key features as an unfished standard, comparisons of underwater survey data from effective MPAs with predictions based on survey data from fished coasts indicate that total fish biomass has declined about two-thirds from historical baselines as a result of fishing. Effective MPAs also had twice as many large (>250mm total length) fish species per transect, five timesmore large fish biomass, and fourteen times more shark biomass than fished areas. Most (59%) of the MPAs studied had only one or two key features and were not ecologically distinguishable from fished sites. Our results show that global conservation targets based on area alone will not optimize protection of marine biodiversity. More emphasis is needed on better MPA design, durable management and compliance to ensure that MPAs achieve their desired conservation value.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
dc.subject MARINE PROTECTED AREAS
dc.subject REEF
dc.subject MARINE CONSERVATION
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject.classification Otras Ciencias Biológicas
dc.subject.classification Ciencias Biológicas
dc.subject.classification CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
dc.title Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.date.updated 2017-07-27T12:31:38Z
dc.journal.volume 506
dc.journal.pagination 216-220
dc.journal.pais Reino Unido
dc.journal.ciudad Londres
dc.description.fil Fil: Graham, J. Edgar. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Stuart Smith, Rick D.. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Willis, Trevor J.. University of Portsmouth; Reino Unido
dc.description.fil Fil: Kininmonth, Stuart. University of Tasmania; Australia. Stockholms Universitet; Suecia
dc.description.fil Fil: Baker, Susan C.. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Banks, Stuart. Charles Darwin Foundation; Ecuador
dc.description.fil Fil: Barrett, Neville S.. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Becerro, Mikel A.. Natural Products and Agrobiology Institute; España
dc.description.fil Fil: Bernard, Anthony T. F.. South African Environmental Observation network; Sudáfrica
dc.description.fil Fil: Berkhout, Just. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Buxton, Colin D.. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Campbell, Stuart J.. Wildlife Conservation Society; Estados Unidos
dc.description.fil Fil: Cooper, Antonia T.. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Davey, Marlene. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Edgar, Sophie C.. Department of Water; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Försterra, Günter. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile
dc.description.fil Fil: Galvan, David Edgardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Nacional Patagónico; Argentina
dc.description.fil Fil: Irigoyen, Alejo Joaquin. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Nacional Patagónico; Argentina
dc.description.fil Fil: Kushner, David J.. United States National Park Service; Estados Unidos
dc.description.fil Fil: Moura, Rodrigo. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro; Brasil
dc.description.fil Fil: Parnell, P. Ed. University of California at San Diego. Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Estados Unidos
dc.description.fil Fil: Shears, Nick T.. The University Of Auckland; Nueva Zelanda
dc.description.fil Fil: Soler, German. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.description.fil Fil: Strain, Elisabeth M. A.. Universidad de Bologna; Italia
dc.description.fil Fil: Thomson, Russell J.. University of Tasmania; Australia
dc.journal.title Nature
dc.relation.alternativeid info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13022
dc.relation.alternativeid info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/https://www.nature.com/articles/nature13022


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info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess Excepto donde se diga explícitamente, este item se publica bajo la siguiente descripción: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 2.5)