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dc.contributor.author
Carballo Pozzo Ardizzi, Fabricio  
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Dzik, Marina Victoria  
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Freidin, Esteban  
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Damián, Juan Pablo  
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Casanave, Emma Beatriz  
dc.contributor.author
Bentosela, Mariana  
dc.date.available
2021-08-31T15:18:26Z  
dc.date.issued
2020-01-06  
dc.identifier.citation
Carballo Pozzo Ardizzi, Fabricio; Dzik, Marina Victoria; Freidin, Esteban; Damián, Juan Pablo; Casanave, Emma Beatriz; et al.; Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment; Springer Heidelberg; Animal Cognition; 23; 2; 6-1-2020; 389-403  
dc.identifier.issn
1435-9448  
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/11336/139315  
dc.description.abstract
Rescue behavior is considered a type of pro-social response, defined as a voluntary action directed to benefit another individual who is in a stressful or dangerous situation. In two experiments, we investigated whether dogs would rescue their owners when the person was trapped inside a wooden box and emitted clear signs of stress. The performance of these dogs was compared against that of a control group in which the owners remained calm while trapped. In addition, to assess if training modulated this behavior, we tested a group of dogs from the military trained in search and rescue tasks (Experiment 1). Results showed that dogs opened the box more frequently when the owner pretended to be stressed than when calm. Training shortened latencies to open the door but not the frequency of the behavior. In Experiment 2, we investigated if emotional contagion could be a possible mechanism underlying dogs' rescue responses by measuring dogs’ behavior, heart rate, and saliva cortisol level in the stressed and calm conditions, and also controlled for obedience by having the calm owners call their pets while trapped. We replicated the findings of Experiment 1 as more dogs opened the door in the stressed owner condition than in the calm condition. In addition, we observed an increase in heart rate across trials in the stressed condition and a decrease across trials in the calm condition, but no differences in cortisol levels or stress-related behaviors between conditions. In brief, we found evidence that approximately half of the dogs without previous training showed spontaneous rescue behaviors directed to their owners. Neither was this behavior motivated by obedience nor by the motivation to re-establish social contact with the owner. We conclude that emotional contagion is a plausible mechanism underlying dogs’ rescue behavior in the present protocol.  
dc.format
application/pdf  
dc.language.iso
eng  
dc.publisher
Springer Heidelberg  
dc.rights
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess  
dc.rights.uri
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/  
dc.subject
CORTISOL  
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DOGS  
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HEART RATE  
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PRO-SOCIALITY  
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RESCUE BEHAVIOR  
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STRESS  
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TRAINING  
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Otras Psicología  
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Psicología  
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CIENCIAS SOCIALES  
dc.title
Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment  
dc.type
info:eu-repo/semantics/article  
dc.type
info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo  
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info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion  
dc.date.updated
2021-08-27T20:45:44Z  
dc.journal.volume
23  
dc.journal.number
2  
dc.journal.pagination
389-403  
dc.journal.pais
Alemania  
dc.journal.ciudad
Heidelberg  
dc.description.fil
Fil: Carballo Pozzo Ardizzi, Fabricio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur; Argentina  
dc.description.fil
Fil: Dzik, Marina Victoria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina  
dc.description.fil
Fil: Freidin, Esteban. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Economía. Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur; Argentina  
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Fil: Damián, Juan Pablo. Universidad de la República; Uruguay  
dc.description.fil
Fil: Casanave, Emma Beatriz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur; Argentina  
dc.description.fil
Fil: Bentosela, Mariana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina  
dc.journal.title
Animal Cognition  
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10071-019-01343-5  
dc.relation.alternativeid
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10071-019-01343-5