Show simple item record Blackhall, Melisa Veblen, Thomas T. Raffaele, Estela 2017-01-25T18:18:52Z 2014-09
dc.identifier.citation Blackhall, Melisa; Veblen, Thomas T.; Raffaele, Estela; Recent fire and livestock browsing enhance plant-level fuel flammability in northwestern Patagonian shrublands; Wiley; Journal Of Vegetation Science; 26; 1; 9-2014; 123-133
dc.identifier.issn 1100-9233
dc.description.abstract Question Could disturbance by fire and ungulate herbivory alter fire regimes by increasing flammability in shrublands and early-successional forests? Location Nahuel Huapi National Park, northwest Patagonia, Argentina. Methods We compared four characteristics that influence fuel flammability – fine fuel load, plant bulk density, percentage fine fuel, and percentage dead fine fuel – and the vertical distribution of live and dead fine fuel at recently burned (<15 yr) and unburned (>50 yr) sites, both in the presence and absence of cattle, for six resprouting species: non-palatable Lomatia hirsuta and Diostea juncea, moderately palatable Nothofagus antarctica and Schinus patagonicus, and highly palatable Maytenus boaria and Ribes magellanicum. Results Changes in flammability in response to recent fire, and to a lesser extent cattle browsing, were strongly dependent on species identity. Non-palatable L. hirsuta tended to increase in flammability following fire, whereas cattle did not affect its fuel properties. Nothofagus antarctica showed ambiguous responses: plants had reduced plant bulk density at recently burned sites, implying reduced flammability, but changes in percentage fine and dead fine fuel point to increasing flammability at burned sites with cattle. Diostea juncea and S. patagonicus showed increased plant bulk density at sites with cattle and increased percentage fine fuel in response to fire. Cattle browsing was the main driver of variability in flammability for highly palatable species, showing increased plant bulk density and percentage fine fuel in response to cattle. Fire had a strong effect on the vertical distribution of live and dead fine fuel, showing an increase of burnable biomass in response to recent fire. The reduction of vertical fuel continuity was extreme on highly palatable species. In contrast, moderately and non-palatable species, which are abundant under herbivore pressure, were characterized by vertically well-distributed fine fuel biomass in the presence of cattle. Conclusions Responses of flammability traits to fire and cattle depended on species identity, but the majority of the species studied showed higher fuel flammability at recently burned sites affected by cattle. Domestic livestock, by increasing the flammability of post-fire vegetation, may be key agents in altering fire regimes in forest–shrubland mosaics.
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.subject FIRE ECOLOGY
dc.subject.classification Ecología
dc.subject.classification Ciencias Biológicas
dc.subject.classification CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
dc.title Recent fire and livestock browsing enhance plant-level fuel flammability in northwestern Patagonian shrublands
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion 2016-12-12T14:21:41Z
dc.journal.volume 26
dc.journal.number 1
dc.journal.pagination 123-133
dc.journal.pais Reino Unido
dc.journal.ciudad Londres
dc.description.fil Fil: Blackhall, Melisa.
dc.description.fil Fil: Veblen, Thomas T.. State University Of Colorado-boulder; Estados Unidos
dc.description.fil Fil: Raffaele, Estela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Patagonia Norte. Instituto de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche. Laboratorio de Ecotono; Argentina
dc.journal.title Journal Of Vegetation Science
dc.relation.alternativeid info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/url/
dc.relation.alternativeid info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/

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info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess Excepto donde se diga explícitamente, este item se publica bajo la siguiente descripción: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 2.5)